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Asia-Pacific Regional Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education (The Tokyo Convention)

What is the Tokyo Convention?

The Tokyo Convention aims to facilitate international mobility of students and academics in higher education in the Asia-Pacific region by setting a framework of collaboration amongst the State Parties on mutual and fair recognition of higher education. The Parties should establish and maintain National Information Centers (NIC) to provide information about each country's higher education. Japan acceded in December 2017, and the Convention entered into force in February 2018.

As of September 1, 2019, there are eight State Parties: Australia, China, New Zealand, Japan, Republic of Korea, Holy See, Mongolia, and Turkey (in chronological order).

State Parties

States Date of Deposit of Instrument Type of Instruent National Information Centre (NIC)
Australia/オーストラリア 2014 JUL 17 Ratification/批准 Australian Government Department of Education
China/中国 2014 JUL 17 Approval/承認

China Academic Degrees and Graduate Education Development Center (CDGDC)

Overseas Academic Credential Evaluation Center, Chinese Service Center for Scholarly Exchange (CSCSE)

China Higher Education Student Information and Career Center (CHESICC)

New Zealand/ニュージーランド 2017 AUG 1 Accession/加入

The New Zealand Qualification Authority (NZQA)

National Education Information Centre (NEIC)


2017 DEC 6 Accession/加入


National Information Center for Academic Recognition Japan

Republic of Korea/韓国 2017 DEC 19 Ratification/批准 Korea Academic Recognition Information Center (KARIC)
Holy See/バチカン 2018 JUL 18 Ratification/批准 Congregation for Catholic Education
Mongolia/モンゴル 2019 MAR 19 Approval/承認 Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sports (MECSS)

2019 APR 3

Council of Higher Education/Department of Recognition and Equivalence Services - ENIC-NARIC Turkey


 UNESCO Bangkok, the Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education

Background and Progress of the Tokyo Convention

2019.9.19 The second session of the Tokyo Convention Committee was held in Bangkok, Thailand.
2018.10.18 The first session of the Tokyo Convention Committee was held in Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2018.2.1 The Convention came into force after having been ratified by the required five Member States.
2011.11.26 The 1983 Bangkok Convention was updated and the revised convention was adopted at an International Conference of States in Tokyo, Japan.
1993.11.13 UNESCO Recommendation on the Recognition of Studies and Qualifications in Higher Education was adopted at the twenty-seventh session of the General Conference of the UNESCO meeting in Paris.
1983.12.16 Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific was adopted in Bangkok.